The NIH Public Access Policy ensures the public has access to published results of NIH-funded research. It requires researchers to submit all peer-reviewed journal articles that arise from NIH funds to PMC (formerly called PubMed Central) within twelve months of publication. PMC is a free online archive of full-text biomedical journal articles.
1. Submission of all NIH-funded, peer reviewed final published articles to PMC. There are four submission methods: http://publicaccess.nih.gov/submit_process.htm
2. Inclusion of the PMC reference number (PMCID). All articles falling under the new policy that are cited in NIH applications, proposals, and progress reports that were authored or co-authored by you or arose from your NIH award, must include the PMC reference number (PMCID). Read more about PMCIDs, or view instructions on how to find PMCIDs for all your NIH-supported publications.
As of July 1, 2013, NIH will hold processing of non-competing continuation awards if publications arising from grant awards are not in compliance with the Public Access Policy. Read the policy here or view the following archived webinar "Changes to the NIH Public Access Policy and the Implications" (Jan 15, 2013).
Before you sign a publication agreement or similar copyright transfer agreement, make sure that the agreement allows the paper to be posted to PMC in accordance with the NIH Public Access Policy. Final, peer-reviewed manuscripts must be posted to the NIHMS upon acceptance for publication, and be made publicly available on PMC no later than 12 months after the official date of publication (see NIH "Address Copyright" page for more information).
ADDENDUM : Journal acknowledges that Author retains the right to provide a copy of the final manuscript to the NIH upon acceptance for Journal publication, for public archiving in PMC as soon as possible but no later than 12 months after publication by Journal.